Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that can’t be cured. If your body doesn’t produce any or enough insulin which leads to an excess of sugar in the bloodstream and it causes diabetes. There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. But all have something in common. Type 2 diabetes and heart disease has a close relation which is life-threatening. In this article you will find some crucial information about what is type 2 diabetes, what causes type 2 diabetes, type 2 diabetes symptoms, and type 2 diabetes treatment.

What does type 2 diabetes mean?

What does type 2 diabetes mean?  If you have insulin resistance, there is a greater possibility of having type 2 diabetes. If you have insulin resistance, cell of your body fail to respond to the insulin. For more clarity, your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream. In this case, your body requires higher levels of insulin. The beta cells of your pancreas always try to keep up with the increased demand of insulin, and therefore produce more insulin to keep blood glucose levels in normal. But there may raise a problem if your body, specially your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream and glucose builds up in the bloodstream, it is generally the type 2 diabetes symptoms. This diabetes is also called the insulin resistance type 2 diabetes.

Actually, type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition because your body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin for long time and gradually loses its capability of producing enough insulin in the pancreas. It is difficult to exactly say what causes type 2 diabetes. This condition is associated with modifiable lifestyle risk factors. It has strong genetic and family related risk factors too.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

It is a general view of the experts that the type 2 diabetes has various causes but genetic and lifestyle as discussed earlier are the most important ones. In combination of these factors, genetics and lifestyle, insulin resistance occurs, which means your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should. So, insulin resistance is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can also be hereditary.

What are type 2 diabetes symptoms?

It was already said that type 2 diabetes can cause cardiovascular diseases which is life-threatening. So it is very important to learn how to detect symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Just for reminding you again that like type 2 diabetes, pre-diabetes can also increase your risk of cardiovascular diseases. So you should consult with your doctor to take a preventive measure to keep type 2 diabetes far away if you observe some of the type 2 diabetes symptoms in you. As type 2 diabetes can increase risk of life-threatening diseases, you should learn about what are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes to take preventive initiatives. If you are having high blood sugar, which indicates type 2 diabetes, you may notice the following symptoms of type 2 diabetes:

  • Dry mouth
  • Headaches
  • Blurred vision
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
  • Increased hunger (especially after eating)
  • Recurrent infections, including thrush infections
  • Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)

Diabetes and cardiovascular disease:

Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases have very close relation. So the type 2 diabetes and heart disease are called the life-threatening diseases. Where there is diabetes, there is very possibility of having cardiovascular diseases. Woman who has diabetes have a greater risk of having heart diseases compared to those of similar age who does not have diabetes. It is usually seen that heart attack and stroke are the most frequent causes of death in both men and women who have diabetes. Heart disease and diabetes have a close relation. So it is ominous that the incidence of diabetes is gradually increasing, the number of new cases of heart disease and cardiovascular complexity is increasing accordingly. It is unfortunate that in patients with diabetes improvement in survival after a heart attack has been less comparing to general patients.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes:

Heart disease and diabetes have a close relation. As type 2 diabetes is closely associated with high glucose level and excess weight gain, the main target for treatment of type 2 diabetes is to help control blood glucose level, and another is to help with weight loss or weight management. Keep blood sugar level under control, and it will keep you far away from cardiovascular diseases. You can keep both the glucose level and excess weight gaining under control through practicing regular exercise. Type 2 diabetes can also be treated by a number of other means: changing lifestyle tablet medications, injections, bariatric (weight loss) surgery etc. You should consult with a doctor if you are already a type 2 diabetes patient or a pre-diabetes patient. Doctors always advise those with type 2 diabetes to change their lifestyles in order to take a control over the excess weight and blood glucose levels.

In conclusion, it can be said that if you keep your blood glucose level and excess weight gain under control, then you are quite safe from getting type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases as well. If you feel any one of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes in you, it will be better to take the best treatment of type 2 diabetes keeping both the glucose level and gaining excess weight under control through practicing regular exercise.

 

How to cure Insulin resistance type 2 diabetes

What is Insulin Resistance?

Insulin resistance is a pathological condition in which cells fail to respond normally to the hormone insulin [Wiki]. Insulin is produced by pancreas, an important organ of your body. Insulin helps open the door of cells so that glucose (sugar) can enter into cells to create energy. For better understanding, when glucose starts to be released into the bloodstream from the digestion of carbohydrates in the diet, pancreas produces insulin which knocks at the door of cells to let glucose get into cells to be used for energy, and inhibits the body from using fat for energy. If this process will continue in its normal way, then the glucose level in the blood stream will remain normal. But the problem is there when cells fail to respond to the hormone insulin. That means pancreas produces insulin but it can’t let glucose get into cells to be used for energy due to dysfunction of cells’ door. If you suffer from this complexity, it indicates you are suffering from insulin resistance. This article is a detailed discussion on the issue, read and find great ways about the treatment for insulin resistance.

When you suffer from this complexity, your pancreas increases production of insulin contributing to a high blood insulin level. You may not understand the matter and remain undetected of the fact. In such case, you can contribute to a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance test; if detected, you should go for a treatment for insulin resistance.

Symptoms of insulin resistance:

Insulin resistance may be your hidden enemy because it may not be understood in the early stage. So it is difficult to determine when you should go for a treatment for insulin resistance? You may be an insulin resistant for years but you will not understand if your blood glucose levels aren’t checked. For ready reference, normal blood sugar is up to 99 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Symptoms of insulin resistance may not be apparent but in the case of type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome, some symptoms may appear which are common like:

  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Poor mental stamina, sleepiness and drowsiness during the day time.
  • Increased thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, and weight gain or weight loss.
  • Raised blood pressure.
  • Overweight or obesity

Here is a table provided by Medscape, where you will find what normal insulin levels or regular insulin levels you should have.

Reference Range of Insulin Levels or Regular Insulin Levels

Insulin Level Insulin Level (SI Units*)
Fasting < 25 mIU/L < 174 pmol/L
30 minutes after glucose administration 30-230 mIU/L 208-1597 pmol/L
1 hour after glucose administration 18-276 mIU/L 125-1917 pmol/L
2 hour after glucose administration 16-166 mIU/L 111-1153 pmol/L
≥3 hours after glucose administration < 25 mIU/L < 174 pmol/L
*SI unit: conversional units x 6.945

 Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes:

 Where there is insulin resistance, there is type 2 diabetes. If cells of your body fail to respond to the insulin, it indicates insulin resistance. For more clarify, when you are suffering from insulin resistance, your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream. At this point, your body requires higher levels of insulin. The beta cells in the pancreas try to keep up with this increased demand of insulin, and produce more insulin to keep blood glucose levels in normal. But the problem is when your body, specially your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream and glucose builds up in the blood stream, it may be a symptom of type 2 diabetes which indicates high levels of glucose in the blood. It is also called the insulin resistance type 2 diabetes.

How high your blood glucose levels indicate whether you have diabetes: Normal blood sugar is up to 99 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose) is diagnosed if blood sugar is from 100 to 125 mg/dL. Diabetes is diagnosed if blood sugar is 126 mg/dL or higher.

Insulin Resistance and Excess Weight:

According to specialists, obesity, particularly excess fat around the waist, is a primary cause of insulin resistance which is also called insulin resistance type 2 diabetes. It is said that fat tissue functions solely as energy storage. Studies have shown that belly fat produces hormones and other substances that can cause serious health problems including insulin resistance type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, imbalanced cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Belly fat can play a vital role in developing chronic, or long-lasting, inflammation in the body. This chronic inflammation can damage the body over time, without any signs or symptoms. It is believed that complex interactions in fat tissue draw immune cells to the area and trigger low-level chronic inflammation. If you have such inflammation, it can contribute to the development of insulin resistance type 2 diabetes, and CVD.

Physical Inactivity can cause type 2 diabetes insulin resistance:

Physical inactivity is considered to be a major factor that can lead to type 2 diabetes insulin resistance as well. In your body, a number of glucoses are used by muscle than other tissues. Generally, active muscles burn their stored glucose for energy and refill their reserves with glucose taken from the bloodstream and keep your blood glucose levels in normal.

Exercise is the best of insulin resistance treatments:

Instead of medications, there are different ways on how to cure insulin resistance. These ways can help your body cells to make more receptive to insulin though it is difficult to defeat insulin resistance entirely. If you feel above symptoms of insulin resistance within you, you should become active and take an insulin resistance test. It will help you the best for reducing rigorous impact of insulin resistance. Among different insulin resistance treatments, exercise is the best. If you want to apply tricks on how to cure insulin resistance, practice regular exercise for 15 to 30 minutes. When your body is active for conducting different physical works, it opens up an alternate gateway for glucose to enter into your body cells, especially your muscle cells. In this case, the cells don’t depend on insulin. This way will tremendously control your blood glucose level.

Experts say that losing the weight can reduce insulin resistance and it is possible through regular exercise. Studies show that after exercising, muscles become more sensitive to insulin, reversing insulin resistance and lowering blood glucose levels. Exercise also helps muscles absorb more glucose without the need for insulin. The more muscle a body has, the more glucose it can burn to control blood glucose levels.

Researchers show that eating low fat food and high quality carbohydrates can worsen insulin resistance. They have also shown that people who undergo weight-loss surgery are likely to become significantly more sensitive to insulin which is one of the symptoms of insulin resistance. While no medications are able to cure insulin resistance, exercise is the best of insulin resistance treatments. Yet diabetes medications are insulin sensitizers that lower blood glucose, at least in part, by reducing insulin.

Why do we need enzyme rich foods and what are natural food sources of digestive enzymes?

Eating enzyme rich foods from natural food sources of digestive enzymes accelerate metabolic processes in your body. It breaks down large molecules in the body cells. Metabolic processes include breaking down and oxidizing food molecules in your body. Enzymatic proteins accelerate metabolic processes in your body cells, including liver functions, stomach digestion, and blood clotting, converting glycogen to glucose. An example is digestive enzymes that break down food into simpler forms that your body can easily absorb. If it is like the problem that you eat good food that does not work for creating energy for your body, it indicates you are suffering from metabolic dysfunction. You should eat Enzyme rich foods from natural food sources of digestive enzymes which will properly carry out metabolic function in the body.

Why do we need enzymes?

Metabolic Dysfunction due to lack of Enzyme rich foods
Image showing symptom of Metabolic Dysfunction caused due to lack of Enzyme rich foods

You don’t know, “How do digestive enzymes work?” Enzymes are very delicate nutrients that are responsible for carrying out virtually every metabolic function – very important functions the enzymes in the digestive system do. We have around 3000 unique enzymes in our bodies that are involved in over 7000 enzymatic reactions. Without enzymes, we would cease to function. Most of the structures that make up animals, plants and microbes are made from three basic classes of molecule: amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. As these molecules are vital for life, metabolic reactions either focus on making these molecules during the construction of cells and tissues, or by breaking them down and using them as a source of energy, by their digestion. Not only enzymes involved in digestion, these biochemicals can also be joined together to make polymers such as DNA and proteins, essential macromolecules of life.

Your body works with enzymes in digestive system. The three main purposes of metabolism are the conversion of food/fuel to energy to run cellular processes, the conversion of food/fuel to building blocks for proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and some carbohydrates, and the elimination of nitrogenous wastes. These enzyme-catalyzed reactions allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments. Now you understand the importance of enzymes.

Some natural food sources of digestive enzymes:

It is a matter of sorrow that the average diet is almost completely void of enzymes. The reason of this is – people are unaware of “What do digestive enzymes do?” Most people don’t know what enzyme rich foods are? Some processed and cooked foods often completely destroy the enzyme content, leaving your body starving for this nutrient though it is a key component in your livelihood. If you have any health complaints, chances are you could use more enzymes in your diet, and following foods can incredibly heal your metabolic dysfunction.

Papaya:

Among different kinds of fruits, papaya is a rich source of proteolytic enzymes such as papain (due to its opulence of magnesium & potassium mechanism). This can greatly aid the digestive process. Papain has been deemed as one of the most effective at breaking down meat and other proteins, and it works by cleaving (splitting) the peptide bonds of complex proteins, breaking them down to their individual amino acids so they can be ready for use in the growth and repair of the body.

Papaya is rich in natural sugars. It can be eaten on its own (not with a heavy, animal protein based meal), preferably 15-30 minutes before a meal. It will fill the requirement of enzymes in the human body.

Pineapple:

Bromelain is a complex mixture of substances that can be extracted from the stem and core fruit of the pineapple. Among dozens of components known to exist in this crude extract, the best-studied components are protein-digesting enzymes called cysteine proteinases. These enzymes are not limited to just digestive benefits; however, as research has shown, they also help with excessive inflammation, excessive coagulation of the blood, and certain types of tumor growth.

Pineapple is rich in natural sugars. You can eat it on its own, preferable 15-30 minutes before a meal. It will heal your metabolic dysfunction.

Legumes:

Legumes are an excellent source of resistant starch which is broken down by bacteria in the large intestine to produce short-chain fatty acids used by intestinal cells for food energy. A study in humans includes the potential for regular consumption of legumes in a vegetarian diet to affect metabolic syndrome.

A combination of legumes with grains forms a well-balanced diet for vegetarians. Common examples of such combinations are dal (lentils) with rice by South Indians and Bengalis, dal with wheat in Pakistan and North India, and beans with corn tortillas, tofu with rice, and peanut butter with wheat bread (as sandwiches) in several other cultures, including Americans. The amount of crude protein found in grain is measured as the grain crude protein concentration.

Fermented vegetables:

The fermentation process used to make sauerkraut and kimchi was developed centuries ago as a means of preserving vegetables for consumption through the winter months. The Roman army was said to have traveled with barrels of sauerkraut, using it to prevent intestinal infections among the troops during long excursions.

Fermented vegetables are an excellent dietary source of many nutrients, including LIVE enzymes (provided they have not been pasteurized in any way). These live enzymes are accompanied by beneficial probiotics, which makes an exceptional combination for an effective digestive process.

Fermented vegetables can be eaten on their own but they also go great with any meal as a side. In fact, if you want to improve the digestion of any meal, you should strongly consider a side of fermented vegetables.

So, by eating enzyme rich foods, you can get more benefits of nutrients. While having food diet from natural food sources of digestive enzymes try to pair these foods with your healthy real food diet, and you will absorb many more nutrients from the foods you eat.


Citation:

wikipedia

Importance of heart rate monitoring !

Importance of Heart Rate Monitoring !

You may not familiar with what a target heart rate means. You are certainly conscious for your health, and you should have knowledge about target heart rate. The movement of blood around your body is the result of how often blood is pumped by your heart. If there is any discrepancy with the heart function, it causes a dangerous effect on your health. A large number of people of modern civilization are suffering from heart problems, so they should get familiar with heart functions. In order to get you familiarized with some points relating heart problems, I appended below some of them:

What Heart Rate means: Just for clarification, pulse means the rate at which your heart is beating. Again your pulse means your heart rate. The heart rate means the number of times your heart beats per minute (bpm). Experts say if people want to get familiarized with heart functions, they should know what heartbeat rate is, and what the target heart rate is.

Target Heart Rate: While you are exercising, the target heart rate of yours will be the number of heart beats per minute. The target heart rate of every person is required to ascertain fitness level of a man, and if a person can check his target heart rate, he can avoid under or over training. Both the under and over training affect severely the quality of the work out. When a person’s heart rate is too low, it means under-training. Over-training is also dangerous. It pushes us to grave panic for sudden heart attack that can causes death. We should not be a miser to spend for heart health. Remember what Arlen Specter said:

“Heart disease continues to be the number one killer;
Cancer, the number 2 killer, not far behind.
The tragic aspect of these deadly diseases is
That they could all be cured, I do believe,
If we had sufficient funding.”

The best way to avoid either of these scenarios is to continuously monitor your heart rate. The heartbeat can be measured with heart’s rhythm and strength, whether your blood vessel flowing hard or soft. Changes in your heart rate or rhythm, a weak pulse, or a hard blood vessel may be caused by heart problems. In order to remain firm minded, you can use heart rate monitor watch as armband to measure regular heart rate. So, now you must be cautious about what aftermath of your negligence can create your heart problem, why don’t you use an instrument that can help you measure the heart rate regularly?

For getting exact measure of heart rate, Scosche Rhythm+ Heart Rate Monitor Aramband, an instrument you can rely on to measure regular heart rate. To know more on this instrument, visit here Power of Heart Rate Monitoring Armband.


Citation:
bodyscapesfitness.com