Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes:
Diabetes is a disease. When the blood glucose (blood sugar) level in your body is high, it indicates you have diabetes. Glucose is produced from foods that you eat every day. Your pancreas produces insulin when there is glucose in your blood stream. Insulin helps the glucose enter into your cells to create energy. A diabetes patient may suffer from either absolute lack of insulin or relative lack of insulin. Based on these conditions, there are two types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. If your pancreas can not produce insulin i.e. you are suffering from absolute lack of insulin, glucose remains unutilized in the blood stream causing glucose level high; it indicates type 1 diabetes. This happens when the beta cells (in the pancreas) become inactive to produce and secrete insulin due to immune system of the body has attacked them. You may ask, “What is type 2 diabetes?” Actually type 2 diabetes is a long term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin. These conditions indicate type 2 diabetes. I am going to describe this condition in this article. Reading this article will help you find what the type 2 diabetes actually means, its causes, and treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Besides these two types of diabetes, you can also have prediabetes. In this case, your blood sugar may be higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. You are at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes if have prediabetes. As diabetesselfmanagement.com has stated:
“For someone without diabetes, a fasting blood sugar on awakening should be under 100 mg/dl. Before-meal normal sugars are 70–99 mg/dl. “Postprandial” sugars taken two hours after meals should be less than 140 mg/dl.”
For long time, you are having too much glucose in your blood stream; it can cause various serious problems. Having too much glucose in the blood stream can damage your kidneys, nerves, and eyes. Other complex diseases like heart attack, stroke can also be caused due to diabetes.
What causes type 2 diabetes?
You have got idea of: “What is type 2 diabetes?” Now you will learn: “What causes type 2 diabetes?” There are various causes of having Type 2 diabetes. Among these causes, genetics and lifestyle are the most important. A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance when your body doesn’t use insulin properly. Another reason of type 2 diabetes is if your tissues are resistant to insulin and you have relative lack of insulin to overcome this resistance. Type 2 diabetes can also be hereditary. Researchers from around the world are trying to find what may cause insulin resistance that leads type 2 diabetes.
What is Insulin Resistance?
To know about type 2 diabetes, a question arises, “What is Insulin Resistance?” When glucose starts releasing into the bloodstream from the digestion of carbohydrates in the diet, pancreas produces insulin which knocks at the door of cells to let glucose get into cells to create energy. If this process will continue in its normal way, then the glucose level in the blood stream will remain normal. But the problem is when cells fail to respond to the hormone insulin. That means pancreas produces insulin, but it can’t let glucose get into cells to create energy due to dysfunction of cells’ door. If you suffer from this complexity, you are suffering from insulin resistance which is one of diabetes type 2 symptoms. Learn more all about insulin resistance.
What are type 2 diabetes symptoms?
Though symptoms of insulin resistance may not often be apparent, in the case of type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome, you will see following symptoms of type 2 diabetes which are most common among the type 2 diabetes symptoms:
- Weakness and fatigue.
- Poor mental stamina, sleepiness and drowsiness during the day time.
- Increased thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, and weight gain or weight loss.
- Raised blood pressure.
- Overweight or obesity
Relative deficiency of insulin is a cause of Type 2 diabetes:
There is far difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. While type 1 diabetes causes due to absolute deficiency of insulin, type 2 diabetes is caused due to relative deficiency of insulin. If you have insulin resistance, the islet cells of your pancreas can’t keep up with the insulin resistance. This condition may happen when you’ve gained excess weight, you’re sedentary or you aren’t eating right.
Insulin Resistance due to excess weight:
According to specialists, obesity, particularly excess fat around the waist, is a primary cause of insulin resistance which is also called insulin resistance type 2 diabetes. It is said that fat tissue functions solely as energy storage. Studies have shown that belly fat produces hormones and other substances that can cause serious health problems including insulin resistance type 2 diabetes.
Belly fat can play a vital role in developing chronic, or long-lasting, inflammation in the body. This chronic inflammation can damage the body over time, without any signs or symptoms. It is believed that complex interactions in fat tissue draw immune cells to the area and trigger low-level chronic inflammation. If you have such inflammation, it can contribute to the development of insulin resistance type 2 diabetes.
Physical inactivity causes type 2 diabetes insulin resistance:
Physical inactivity is considered to be a major factor that can lead to type 2 diabetes insulin resistance as well. In your body, a number of glucose are used by muscle than other tissues. Generally, active muscles burn their stored glucose for energy and refill their reserves with glucose taken from the bloodstream and keep your blood glucose levels in normal. A person who lives a sedentary lifestyle may suffer from insulin resistance. A sedentary lifestyle is a type of lifestyle with little or no physical activity. This man does not care for eating right foods, lives a sedentary lifestyle, and gains excess weight. On the contrary, people who are engaged in more physical activity are less likely to develop type 2 diabetes insulin resistances.
How to cure type 2 diabetes?
While you are having type 2 diabetes, your islet cells of pancreas can’t keep up with the insulin resistance as you have gained excess weight, you’re sedentary, or you aren’t eating right foods. If you try for a type 2 diabetes treatment, you should give more importance on physical activities. In order to cure type 2 diabetes, you must concentrate to eat right foods, to be physically active, and to lose excess weight.
Right foods reverse type 2 diabetes:
As one with excess weight has great possibility of having type 2 diabetes, you should eat right foods that will help lose your excess weight. It is the best type 2 diabetes treatment. For this, you must cut back on sugars and starches (carbs) to lose weight. Sugars and starches (carbs) stimulate secretion of insulin the most. You have learnt from above that insulin tells cells to pick up glucose from the bloodstream. It is also the major energy storage hormone in the body. It tells cells to store energy, either as glycogen or fat. Insulin is the main fat storing hormone in the body. So high insulin levels, stopping fat loss, cause weight gain. On the contrary, when insulin goes down, fat takes this opportunity to get out of the fat storage; the body starts burning fats causing fat loss. In this way, insulin helps you lose weight. Another profit you can earn is that lowering insulin help your kidneys shed excess sodium and water out of your body, which reduces bloat and unnecessary water weight. As such, both the extreme high level and extreme low level insulin are harmful.
Recent research has shown that eating non-starchy vegetables is the one of type 2 diabetes treatments. Non-starchy vegetables can reverse type 2 diabetes to a great extent. Garlic, mushrooms, onions, eggplant, peppers, etc. are very essential components which work for patients who have diabetes. Eating some low-carb vegetables like Broccoli, Cauliflower, Spinach, Cabbage, Lettuce, Cucumber etc. can help lose weight. So these are considered the best diet for type 2 diabetes.
For weight loss, eat protein base foods that function as treatment of type 2 diabetes. To boosts metabolism and reduce appetite, high protein intake is important which change different weight-regulating hormones in the body. Protein works via lot of different mechanisms that help you lose weight and belly fat. You should include a protein source to each one of your meals, a fat source and low-carb vegetables which are best diet for type 2 diabetes. Best sources of protein are: beef, chicken, fish and seafood, eggs etc.
Activity can reverse diabetes:
The good news is that all physical activities function as treatment of type 2 diabetes – whether you are a busy parent, teenager, sat at a desk all day or in your retirement years, doing any amount of activity can be beneficial. As well as activity in your daily routine such as getting to work, gardening or doing the housework, if you’re able, try to do some exercise. You can start with something gentle, like walking, and gradually work your way up to 30 minutes a day of moderate intensity exercise, five times a week. If lifting weights is not an option for you, then doing some easier cardio workouts like running, jogging, swimming or walking will suffice as treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Exercise is the best way to lose weight that can reverse diabetes:
Experts say that losing weight can reduce insulin resistance and it is possible through regular exercise. Studies show that after exercising, muscles become more sensitive to insulin, reversing insulin resistance and lowering blood glucose levels. Exercise also helps muscles absorb more glucose without the need for insulin. The more muscle a body has, the more glucose it can burn to control blood glucose levels.
Now you have learned, “What is type 2 diabetes?” and “What causes type 2 diabetes?” You also learned here the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. If you are suffering from absolute lack of insulin, glucose remains unutilized in the blood stream causing glucose level high; then you have type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is a long term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin. If you’ve gained excess weight, you’re sedentary, or you aren’t eating right then type 2 diabetes symptoms may be felt within you. If you eat right foods, you are physically active, and you do exercise regularly, you can reverse Type 2 diabetes.