Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that can’t be cured. If your body doesn’t produce any or enough insulin which leads to an excess of sugar in the bloodstream and it causes diabetes. There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. But all have something in common. Type 2 diabetes and heart disease has a close relation which is life-threatening. In this article you will find some crucial information about what is type 2 diabetes, what causes type 2 diabetes, type 2 diabetes symptoms, and type 2 diabetes treatment.

What does type 2 diabetes mean?

What does type 2 diabetes mean?  If you have insulin resistance, there is a greater possibility of having type 2 diabetes. If you have insulin resistance, cell of your body fail to respond to the insulin. For more clarity, your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream. In this case, your body requires higher levels of insulin. The beta cells of your pancreas always try to keep up with the increased demand of insulin, and therefore produce more insulin to keep blood glucose levels in normal. But there may raise a problem if your body, specially your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream and glucose builds up in the bloodstream, it is generally the type 2 diabetes symptoms. This diabetes is also called the insulin resistance type 2 diabetes.

Actually, type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition because your body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin for long time and gradually loses its capability of producing enough insulin in the pancreas. It is difficult to exactly say what causes type 2 diabetes. This condition is associated with modifiable lifestyle risk factors. It has strong genetic and family related risk factors too.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

It is a general view of the experts that the type 2 diabetes has various causes but genetic and lifestyle as discussed earlier are the most important ones. In combination of these factors, genetics and lifestyle, insulin resistance occurs, which means your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should. So, insulin resistance is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can also be hereditary.

What are type 2 diabetes symptoms?

It was already said that type 2 diabetes can cause cardiovascular diseases which is life-threatening. So it is very important to learn how to detect symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Just for reminding you again that like type 2 diabetes, pre-diabetes can also increase your risk of cardiovascular diseases. So you should consult with your doctor to take a preventive measure to keep type 2 diabetes far away if you observe some of the type 2 diabetes symptoms in you. As type 2 diabetes can increase risk of life-threatening diseases, you should learn about what are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes to take preventive initiatives. If you are having high blood sugar, which indicates type 2 diabetes, you may notice the following symptoms of type 2 diabetes:

  • Dry mouth
  • Headaches
  • Blurred vision
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
  • Increased hunger (especially after eating)
  • Recurrent infections, including thrush infections
  • Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)

Diabetes and cardiovascular disease:

Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases have very close relation. So the type 2 diabetes and heart disease are called the life-threatening diseases. Where there is diabetes, there is very possibility of having cardiovascular diseases. Woman who has diabetes have a greater risk of having heart diseases compared to those of similar age who does not have diabetes. It is usually seen that heart attack and stroke are the most frequent causes of death in both men and women who have diabetes. Heart disease and diabetes have a close relation. So it is ominous that the incidence of diabetes is gradually increasing, the number of new cases of heart disease and cardiovascular complexity is increasing accordingly. It is unfortunate that in patients with diabetes improvement in survival after a heart attack has been less comparing to general patients.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes:

Heart disease and diabetes have a close relation. As type 2 diabetes is closely associated with high glucose level and excess weight gain, the main target for treatment of type 2 diabetes is to help control blood glucose level, and another is to help with weight loss or weight management. Keep blood sugar level under control, and it will keep you far away from cardiovascular diseases. You can keep both the glucose level and excess weight gaining under control through practicing regular exercise. Type 2 diabetes can also be treated by a number of other means: changing lifestyle tablet medications, injections, bariatric (weight loss) surgery etc. You should consult with a doctor if you are already a type 2 diabetes patient or a pre-diabetes patient. Doctors always advise those with type 2 diabetes to change their lifestyles in order to take a control over the excess weight and blood glucose levels.

In conclusion, it can be said that if you keep your blood glucose level and excess weight gain under control, then you are quite safe from getting type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases as well. If you feel any one of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes in you, it will be better to take the best treatment of type 2 diabetes keeping both the glucose level and gaining excess weight under control through practicing regular exercise.

 

How to cure Insulin resistance type 2 diabetes

What is Insulin Resistance?

Insulin resistance is a pathological condition in which cells fail to respond normally to the hormone insulin [Wiki]. Insulin is produced by pancreas, an important organ of your body. Insulin helps open the door of cells so that glucose (sugar) can enter into cells to create energy. For better understanding, when glucose starts to be released into the bloodstream from the digestion of carbohydrates in the diet, pancreas produces insulin which knocks at the door of cells to let glucose get into cells to be used for energy, and inhibits the body from using fat for energy. If this process will continue in its normal way, then the glucose level in the blood stream will remain normal. But the problem is there when cells fail to respond to the hormone insulin. That means pancreas produces insulin but it can’t let glucose get into cells to be used for energy due to dysfunction of cells’ door. If you suffer from this complexity, it indicates you are suffering from insulin resistance. This article is a detailed discussion on the issue, read and find great ways about the treatment for insulin resistance.

When you suffer from this complexity, your pancreas increases production of insulin contributing to a high blood insulin level. You may not understand the matter and remain undetected of the fact. In such case, you can contribute to a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance test; if detected, you should go for a treatment for insulin resistance.

Symptoms of insulin resistance:

Insulin resistance may be your hidden enemy because it may not be understood in the early stage. So it is difficult to determine when you should go for a treatment for insulin resistance? You may be an insulin resistant for years but you will not understand if your blood glucose levels aren’t checked. For ready reference, normal blood sugar is up to 99 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Symptoms of insulin resistance may not be apparent but in the case of type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome, some symptoms may appear which are common like:

  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Poor mental stamina, sleepiness and drowsiness during the day time.
  • Increased thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, and weight gain or weight loss.
  • Raised blood pressure.
  • Overweight or obesity

Here is a table provided by Medscape, where you will find what normal insulin levels or regular insulin levels you should have.

Reference Range of Insulin Levels or Regular Insulin Levels

Insulin Level Insulin Level (SI Units*)
Fasting < 25 mIU/L < 174 pmol/L
30 minutes after glucose administration 30-230 mIU/L 208-1597 pmol/L
1 hour after glucose administration 18-276 mIU/L 125-1917 pmol/L
2 hour after glucose administration 16-166 mIU/L 111-1153 pmol/L
≥3 hours after glucose administration < 25 mIU/L < 174 pmol/L
*SI unit: conversional units x 6.945

 Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes:

 Where there is insulin resistance, there is type 2 diabetes. If cells of your body fail to respond to the insulin, it indicates insulin resistance. For more clarify, when you are suffering from insulin resistance, your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream. At this point, your body requires higher levels of insulin. The beta cells in the pancreas try to keep up with this increased demand of insulin, and produce more insulin to keep blood glucose levels in normal. But the problem is when your body, specially your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream and glucose builds up in the blood stream, it may be a symptom of type 2 diabetes which indicates high levels of glucose in the blood. It is also called the insulin resistance type 2 diabetes.

How high your blood glucose levels indicate whether you have diabetes: Normal blood sugar is up to 99 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose) is diagnosed if blood sugar is from 100 to 125 mg/dL. Diabetes is diagnosed if blood sugar is 126 mg/dL or higher.

Insulin Resistance and Excess Weight:

According to specialists, obesity, particularly excess fat around the waist, is a primary cause of insulin resistance which is also called insulin resistance type 2 diabetes. It is said that fat tissue functions solely as energy storage. Studies have shown that belly fat produces hormones and other substances that can cause serious health problems including insulin resistance type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, imbalanced cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Belly fat can play a vital role in developing chronic, or long-lasting, inflammation in the body. This chronic inflammation can damage the body over time, without any signs or symptoms. It is believed that complex interactions in fat tissue draw immune cells to the area and trigger low-level chronic inflammation. If you have such inflammation, it can contribute to the development of insulin resistance type 2 diabetes, and CVD.

Physical Inactivity can cause type 2 diabetes insulin resistance:

Physical inactivity is considered to be a major factor that can lead to type 2 diabetes insulin resistance as well. In your body, a number of glucoses are used by muscle than other tissues. Generally, active muscles burn their stored glucose for energy and refill their reserves with glucose taken from the bloodstream and keep your blood glucose levels in normal.

Exercise is the best of insulin resistance treatments:

Instead of medications, there are different ways on how to cure insulin resistance. These ways can help your body cells to make more receptive to insulin though it is difficult to defeat insulin resistance entirely. If you feel above symptoms of insulin resistance within you, you should become active and take an insulin resistance test. It will help you the best for reducing rigorous impact of insulin resistance. Among different insulin resistance treatments, exercise is the best. If you want to apply tricks on how to cure insulin resistance, practice regular exercise for 15 to 30 minutes. When your body is active for conducting different physical works, it opens up an alternate gateway for glucose to enter into your body cells, especially your muscle cells. In this case, the cells don’t depend on insulin. This way will tremendously control your blood glucose level.

Experts say that losing the weight can reduce insulin resistance and it is possible through regular exercise. Studies show that after exercising, muscles become more sensitive to insulin, reversing insulin resistance and lowering blood glucose levels. Exercise also helps muscles absorb more glucose without the need for insulin. The more muscle a body has, the more glucose it can burn to control blood glucose levels.

Researchers show that eating low fat food and high quality carbohydrates can worsen insulin resistance. They have also shown that people who undergo weight-loss surgery are likely to become significantly more sensitive to insulin which is one of the symptoms of insulin resistance. While no medications are able to cure insulin resistance, exercise is the best of insulin resistance treatments. Yet diabetes medications are insulin sensitizers that lower blood glucose, at least in part, by reducing insulin.