Diabetes is a disease that can’t be cured. If your body doesn’t produce any or enough insulin which leads to an excess of sugar in the bloodstream and it causes diabetes. There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. But all have something in common. Type 2 diabetes and heart disease has a close relation which is life-threatening. In this article you will find some crucial information about what is type 2 diabetes, what causes type 2 diabetes, type 2 diabetes symptoms, and type 2 diabetes treatment.
What does type 2 diabetes mean?
What does type 2 diabetes mean? If you have insulin resistance, there is a greater possibility of having type 2 diabetes. If you have insulin resistance, cell of your body fail to respond to the insulin. For more clarity, your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream. In this case, your body requires higher levels of insulin. The beta cells of your pancreas always try to keep up with the increased demand of insulin, and therefore produce more insulin to keep blood glucose levels in normal. But there may raise a problem if your body, specially your muscle, fat, and liver cells can’t absorb glucose from the bloodstream and glucose builds up in the bloodstream, it is generally the type 2 diabetes symptoms. This diabetes is also called the insulin resistance type 2 diabetes.
Actually, type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition because your body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin for long time and gradually loses its capability of producing enough insulin in the pancreas. It is difficult to exactly say what causes type 2 diabetes. This condition is associated with modifiable lifestyle risk factors. It has strong genetic and family related risk factors too.
What causes type 2 diabetes?
It is a general view of the experts that the type 2 diabetes has various causes but genetic and lifestyle as discussed earlier are the most important ones. In combination of these factors, genetics and lifestyle, insulin resistance occurs, which means your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should. So, insulin resistance is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can also be hereditary.
What are type 2 diabetes symptoms?
It was already said that type 2 diabetes can cause cardiovascular diseases which is life-threatening. So it is very important to learn how to detect symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Just for reminding you again that like type 2 diabetes, pre-diabetes can also increase your risk of cardiovascular diseases. So you should consult with your doctor to take a preventive measure to keep type 2 diabetes far away if you observe some of the type 2 diabetes symptoms in you. As type 2 diabetes can increase risk of life-threatening diseases, you should learn about what are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes to take preventive initiatives. If you are having high blood sugar, which indicates type 2 diabetes, you may notice the following symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
- Dry mouth
- Blurred vision
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
- Increased hunger (especially after eating)
- Recurrent infections, including thrush infections
- Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
Diabetes and cardiovascular disease:
Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases have very close relation. So the type 2 diabetes and heart disease are called the life-threatening diseases. Where there is diabetes, there is very possibility of having cardiovascular diseases. Woman who has diabetes have a greater risk of having heart diseases compared to those of similar age who does not have diabetes. It is usually seen that heart attack and stroke are the most frequent causes of death in both men and women who have diabetes. Heart disease and diabetes have a close relation. So it is ominous that the incidence of diabetes is gradually increasing, the number of new cases of heart disease and cardiovascular complexity is increasing accordingly. It is unfortunate that in patients with diabetes improvement in survival after a heart attack has been less comparing to general patients.
Treatment of type 2 diabetes:
Heart disease and diabetes have a close relation. As type 2 diabetes is closely associated with high glucose level and excess weight gain, the main target for treatment of type 2 diabetes is to help control blood glucose level, and another is to help with weight loss or weight management. Keep blood sugar level under control, and it will keep you far away from cardiovascular diseases. You can keep both the glucose level and excess weight gaining under control through practicing regular exercise. Type 2 diabetes can also be treated by a number of other means: changing lifestyle tablet medications, injections, bariatric (weight loss) surgery etc. You should consult with a doctor if you are already a type 2 diabetes patient or a pre-diabetes patient. Doctors always advise those with type 2 diabetes to change their lifestyles in order to take a control over the excess weight and blood glucose levels.
In conclusion, it can be said that if you keep your blood glucose level and excess weight gain under control, then you are quite safe from getting type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases as well. If you feel any one of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes in you, it will be better to take the best treatment of type 2 diabetes keeping both the glucose level and gaining excess weight under control through practicing regular exercise.